Without answering this prime question the policy of education cannot be determined. In the feudal days, education was considered purely unproductive sterile intellectual exercise. For the present policymakers education in an investment. It is the commodity for sale and purchase in the market. Is the education to satisfy our intellect? Should it be regarded as a commodity or merely for as a means of providing livelihood? Is education is merely an accumulation of information? In the light of the thoughts of the great personalities of the human civilization, these questions are to be examined. Please find quotes from 25 great philosophers and educationists on the aim and objective of education.
Collection Courtesy: All India Democratic Students Organization (AIDSO)
“Educated men are as much superior to uneducated men as the living are to the dead.”
“If a man neglect education, he walks lame to the end of his life.”
“We can get along without burgomasters, princes, and noblemen but we can’t do without schools, as they must rule the world.”
– Martin Luther
“All our knowledge begin with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with the reason. There is nothing higher than the reason.
– Immanuel Kant
“Education gives everything to make one a complete man by correcting incompleteness with which one is born.”
– J.J. Rousseau
“The end of study should be to direct the mind towards the enunciation of social and correct judgments on all matters that come before it.”
“He who opens a school door; closes a prison.”
– Victor Hugo
“Education, as science itself, is but means to an end, the dominance of man over things; human science and human power coincide.”
– Francis Bacon
“Education is the art of making men ethical. It begins with pupils whose life is at the instinctive level and shows them the way to a second birth, the way to change their instinctive nature into a second, intellectual nature and makes this intellectual level habitual to them.”
– Hegel: Philosophy of Right
“Education consists mainly of what we have unlearned.”
– Mark Twain
“Education is not preparation for life; education in life itself.”
– John Dewey
“Highest result of education is tolerance.”
– Helen Keller
“A fool’s brain digest philosophy into folly, science into superstition and art into pedantry, hence university education.”
– George Bernard Shaw
“At least there is a tolerably general agreement about what a university is not. It is not a place of professional education. Universities are not intended to teach the knowledge required to fit some for some special mode of gaining their livelihood. Their object is not to make skillful lawyers or physician or engineers, but capable and cultivated human beings.”
– J. S. Mills
“Education has for its object the formation of character.”
– Herbert Spencer
“I have been impressed with the urgency of doing. Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Being willingness is not enough; we must do it.”
– Leonardo Da Vinci
“The very cornerstone of an education intended to form great mind must be the recognition of the principle that the object is to call forth the greatest possible quantity of intellectual power, and to inspire the intense love of truth”.
– J.S. Mill
“The great use of education is not merely to collect the facts but to know man and to make oneself known to man.”
– Rabindranath Tagore
“Education is not the amount of information that is put into your brain and runs riot there undigested all your life. We must have life building, man making, character making assimilation of ideas. We want the education by which character is formed, the strength of mind is increased, so that intellect is expanded …..”
“Education is …. not to make them perfect in any of the sciences, but so to open and dispose their mind as may best make them capable of any when they shall apply themselves to it.”
“Let the relation of knowledge to real life be very visible to your pupils, and let them understand how by knowledge the word could be transformed.”
– Bertrand Russell
“After a long deliberation, we have arrived at the conclusion that the only way to free our motherland is to educate our people.”
– Balgangadhar Tilak
“The role of education is to make one humane who can take decisions and act accordingly with freedom”.
– Lala Lajpat Rai
“It is the religion of an educationist to continue a slow but determined war against Ignorance, Injustice, Exploitation”.
– Kaka Kelkar
“Today the main task of education is to teach to fight against injustice. Such a strength should be borne from our education and literature that a common man rises up and fight against injustice. The is the real task of education: The aim of education is to dispel the wrong conception and establish the truth.”
– Manubhai Pancholi ‘Darshak’
“The highest education is that which does not merely gives us information, but makes our life in harmony with existence”.
– Umashanker Joshi
Cultivation of knowledge for mere self-satisfaction and unpurposive education have no meaning other than strengthening the force of reaction. From the standpoint of people’s interests and social progress, learning and acquisition of knowledge have got only one bearing i.e. to put it into practice in life and mold out character”.